Monthly Archives

November 2020

Coronavirus and Swimming: What You Need to Know

By | Pool Safety

Written by Ashley Abramson and published on

When the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus outbreak a pandemic in mid-March, swimming stopped for a lot of us. Pools around the country closed, and as of late July, only some have reopened, and many are operating in a much-reduced capacity. New protocols have been instituted to help keep swimmers safe, and each facility is approaching its reopening plans a little differently, based on local conditions and regulations.

Over the past five months, we’ve learned a lot about this new disease and how it’s transmitted. Although there’s still a lot that isn’t clear about the coronavirus and the potentially deadly disease it causes, COVID-19 (also called SARS-CoV-2), we have learned a great deal about what to expect from infections and how to slow transmission.

With regards to swimming, here’s a summary of current public health advisories and scientific understanding of what you need to know. Awareness of these key aspects of the virus and how it moves can help you keep safe as pools around the country resume operations.

Read This Before You Go to a Swimming Pool

Experts say there’s no evidence that the coronavirus is spread through the water, but that doesn’t mean a pool day is risk-free

The water provides a safety net

Before you enter the pool, survey your surroundings. “There’s always a risk of crowds coming out to cool off, so you need to look around before you even go in to sense your ability to distance yourself at least six feet from people you haven’t quarantined with,” says Cassandra Pierre, MD, an infectious disease physician at Boston Medical Center. If you don’t feel like you can adequately distance, consider going to another pool or swimming at a lower-traffic time of day.

“There are very few people who are going to spend long pool visits treading water in a 12-foot area, which can make the shallow end very crowded.”

Skip the post-swim shower if it’s indoors

Many publicly run pools make distancing a bit easier by reducing in-pool and on-deck capacity allowances. For example, the CDC recently offered guidelines to states about pool capacity limits based on a simple formula: the surface area of the pool divided by 36. For example, if the pool is 40 feet by 20 feet, or 800 square feet, the limit would be 22 people. However, Gan says that formula doesn’t take into account that people won’t be perfectly dispersed throughout different areas of the pool.

You should also delay your post-swim shower until you get home — Pierre says showering in an indoor communal space is a little dicey. “There may be a higher risk of spreading Covid-19 due to stagnant air,” she says. “You’ll also be closer to people, and they are much less likely to wear a mask in the shower.”

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Should You Be Worried About Germs in Your Swimming Pool?

By | Pool Safety

Written by Cynthia Wallentine and published on

When thinking about protecting their kids while swimming, most parents think about using life jackets, swimming lessons, and childproofing their pool, but water-borne infections are a concern as well. How can you keep your kids safe in the water and free from these germs? Most private and public swimming pools do a good job of keeping water clean by using chemicals that kill many harmful bacteria. However, even the cleanest pool can still be a place where your child picks up — or transmits — some nasty infections. Your kids can avoid being on the giving or receiving end of illnesses commonly found at the pool by practicing a few simple tips.

Most Pools Contain Dangerous Fecal Bacteria — Here’s How to Stay Safe

With summer just ahead, you, or your children, may be looking forward to some pool time or the water park. When planning water-based fun this year, keep a heads-up for microbes.

Between the germs on the bodies of swimmers and fecal material in the water, the clean looks of the neighborhood swimming pool can be deceiving. For municipal and other pools, it is pretty inviting to cannonball into the pool for a refreshing dip on a hot day. But did you ever stop to think what happens to the microbes that live on your body? With a group in a pool, it is pretty much a collective bathtub.

Germs that turn up in swimming pool water include bacteria like E. coli, Salmonella, Camplobacter, noroviruses, and parasites. While treatment with chlorine can kill germs in swimming pools, it takes time for the chlorine to do its job. Sometimes enough time for you to become sick from a mouthful of water you accidentally swallow. Even in properly treated and maintained pools, it can take an hour or so for pathogens to die. In the case of a parasite called Cryptosporidium, often called crypto, it can take over a week.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the incidence of crypto-associated swimming pool outbreaks has doubled since 2014. As part of the 13th Annual Healthy and Safe Swimming Week, happening from May 22-28, 2017, the CDC is focusing on Crypto this year.

Campaigning on the theme of “Diarrhea and Swimming Don’t Mix,” the agency is highlighting the problem of crypto in swimming pools. During the 2016 summer season, there were three larger outbreaks of crypto in the US. In July 2016, 36 members of a Little League team and their family became ill after swimming at a Maricopa County facility in Arizona. In August in Alabama, 23 people were confirmed in one crypto outbreak at an aquatic facility. In Ohio in 2016, annual crypto cases increased almost by a factor of five. Ohio cases involving outbreaks associated with recreational swimming pools soared to 1,940 cases, from an average of 3129 annual cases.

Symptoms of crypto begin within ten days of exposure and include vomiting, fever, and stomach pain. Symptoms cycle for several weeks and can be serious, or even fatal, for young children, pregnant women, or people with chronic illness or compromised immune systems.

How You Get Sick from a Day in the Pool

Because pathogens float around in pool water, everyday swimming actions — like getting dunked, spitting water, or just taking a swallow of pool water — can be infectious. In addition to crypto, the types of illness you could bring home from a pool include:

  • Outer ear infection: Germy pool water trapped in the ear canal causes infections that send about 2.4 million Americans to the doctor each year.
  • Diarrhea: Like crypto, Giardia, noroviruses, and E. coli can all cause disease, even in a well-maintained pool — it only takes a mouthful.
  • Respiratory infection: Legionella, better known as Legionnaires’ disease, can be caught through inhaling aerosolized droplets in swimming pools or hot tubs harboring the pathogen.

The bottom line is that anybody can get sick, even from a well-maintained swimming pool. So — what can you do to keep yourself and others safe?

Stay Safe from Pool Pathogens with These Tips

Improve your chances of avoiding waterborne illness by considering these pointers:

  • Keep your mouth closed: It is tough, but try not to swallow pool water. Bear in mind the microbes you cannot see, and what they can do to your body, to make it easier.
  • Get clean before you go swimming: Whatever is on your body is going into the pool. Do you want to swallow the germs on the body of the stranger next to you? Neither do they. So take a shower, preferably with soap, before entering a pool. If you have children, pay special attention to their behinds, since it is generally children under five that bring and dispense fecal material in to pools. It is not just children though, the average person has fecal material on their rear end that washes off in the water. When you are in a pool next — look around — the bioload in the water is probably not what you bargained for when planning your pool day.
  • While swimming: If you go swimming, take a bathroom break every hour, and be sure children do too — even if they say they don’t have to go. Change swim diapers routinely in the bathroom, not on the pool deck.
  • If you have Crypto: Do not go swimming and avoid contact with anyone with chronic illness, or sexual practices that could result in oral exposure to feces if you have crypto. Wash your hands often. Children diagnosed with crypto should stay home from childcare environments until they no longer have diarrhea.

Any water that could contain microscopic feces should be considered contaminated. Whether it is a mountain stream or lake, a swimming pool or hot tub, or the local water park, you and your family should remember to be clean when going in the water, and remember not to ingest pool water if possible. Try to make sure your day at the pool brings home only good memories — and not infections.

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Does a Pool Add Value to a Home?

By | Pool Safety

Written by Admin and published on

There are many changes you can make to your home to increase its value. You may consider new landscaping or even sprucing up the inside of your home with some fancy, high-end upgrades. And then there’s the much-coveted swimming pool. This can be a great investment if it’s the right size and if you live in the right place, not to mention if you’re willing to put in the time and effort to keep it in good shape.

Swimming Pool Installation: Cost vs. Long-Term Value

As summer ramps up, perhaps you or your family are considering a swimming pool installation of your own. A pool can be a great investment, provided it’s handled correctly. While you are considering, make sure you weigh the swimming pool installation cost and maintenance against the actual value it can add to your home. Here are some of the factors to consider before you make a decision.

Swimming pool installation cost

First, you’ll want to make sure you can afford the initial installation of the pool. Do your research for pool costs in your area by first deciding exactly what type of pool you’ll want and then by contacting contractors for estimates. You may also need to factor in any type of yard maintenance, such as grading or tree removal, that may be necessary before your pool is installed.

Of course, pool installation costs will depend on the type of pool you choose. On average, it costs around $30,000 to install, equip and fill a 600-square-foot concrete pool. Then you’ll have to add in any extras you may want, such as safety fences, waterfalls, lighting or landscaping. All in, it is not uncommon for a pool installation to cost around $100,000.

Swimming pool maintenance costs


Next, account for all monthly and yearly maintenance costs to be sure they fit into your budget. One area you shouldn’t ignore is the increased utility costs. Filtration pumps will help keep your pool water maintained and are often the part that sucks the most energy. It’s important to pay a little extra to get the most energy-efficient pump you can in order to save on monthly expenses. These pumps typically run about $500 up front, but you may be able to use some rebates to cut the cost.

Whether to heat your pool is another area to consider the long-term expenses. Gas heaters are less expensive than electrical initially but often have the highest operation and maintenance costs. Electric heat pumps often extract heat from surrounding air and transfer it to the water, requiring less energy to maintain. Consider other initial investments that can help save you on long-term expenses, such as a solar blanket that will trap heat.

On another hand, having a pool at home can provide your family a way of staying cool on hot summer days and help save money on air conditioning costs during a heatwave.

Home resell value


Having a swimming pool can be a boon to your social life, giving you a way to entertain your family and friends and can be a positive selling point when you are ready to sell your home. If your neighborhood is higher-end, and many neighbors have pools, not having a pool could make your home harder to sell.

Having a pool in warmer climates, such as Florida or Hawaii, can almost certainly help your home’s resell value. But you’ll have to be sure you have enough room left in to accommodate other activities. You certainly should not install a pool in your backyard if it takes up most of the room there.

That said, there is no evidence that a pool actually increases your home’s resell value. Under some circumstances, it may make your home more difficult to sell. Here are some factors that might hurt your resell value:

  • The pool is old

  • The pool is in poor condition

  • The pool doesn’t match the home or neighborhood style

  • How much privacy is available

  • Your home is in a cooler area of the country where the pool can be used less throughout the year

Just remember that a pool will not fit every buyer’s lifestyle, so making the choice to install a pool can limit your buyer options.

At the end of the day, your home is yours to do with as you will. There are certainly pros and cons to installing a private swimming pool, and you want to consider all the costs — both short- and long-term — before making a decision.

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Installing a Pool – Why it takes longer than you think

By | Pool Safety

Written by and published on

It has even been difficult to find a place to buy a simple blow-up pool, or above ground vinyl liner pool this year, everyone keeps going out of stock!

Whether or not it is actually lawful for state officials to tell us to “stay in our homes”, no doubt many people are doing so and they need ways to beat both the heat AND boredom right now. Getting a pool is a good solution for this.

The construction of an inground swimming pool is an involved process. Starting with a blank backyard you get to control and watch as it transforms into the design you imagined, right before your eyes. Not to say that it’s not a messy process, as with any construction project, but the results are always worth the efforts and time.

Let’s take a look at all the steps involved when building an in-ground pool. These steps are generally the same if you are planning on buying a concrete, fiberglass, or vinyl liner type of pool.

How Long Does it Take to Install an Inground Pool?

Installing an inground swimming pool is a big job. Any fool can see that. But exactly how big are we talking here? Getting a straight answer to that question can be tricky.

You want to swim in your new pool as soon as possible. You want your backyard to be a construction zone for as short a time as possible. So naturally, you want to know: how long it’s going to take to build that pool?

Your pool builder is the best person to answer this question. However, they also have a motive to gloss over some of the difficulties that can set a project back (especially if you haven’t hired them yet). Besides, you may not even be at the stage of talking to contractors yet. You just want some idea of what to expect!

Well, here you go.

The Short Answer

The time it takes to build a pool, from excavation to completion, depends on a lot of factors. However, the biggest factor is the type of pool. Here are some general guidelines:

For Concrete Pools, 4-6 Weeks
Concrete pools take the longest to install, mainly because everything has to be done onsite. The extra work, along with the need to manage an array of subcontractors, adds to the installation time. Also, after the gunite or shotcrete is applied, it has to “cure” for up to a month. During this time, a lot of the remaining work has to wait.

For Vinyl Pools, 2-5 Weeks
Vinyl swimming pools can be constructed in different ways, but in general, they’re less labor-intensive than concrete pools. In fact, using preassembled components or complete pool kits, they can be built pretty quickly.

For Fiberglass Pools, 2 Weeks or less
You may have heard rumors of a swimming pool being installed in one day. That would be a fiberglass swimming pool. With a prefabricated shell shipped directly to your home, a fiberglass pool can be installed very quickly under the right circumstances. That said, the one-day thing is a promotional gimmick – an actual installation is sure to take longer.

Again, those are just ballpark numbers. There are plenty of pool projects that fall outside of those ranges. As you might expect, in the vast majority of those cases, they go over.

Why it Could Take Longer

Pool projects can take longer than average for all sorts of reasons. Some issues become clear during the planning stages. Others show up as nasty surprises after the digging has started. Here’s a list of the most common factors that add time to a project:

Before installation can even begin, you’ll need to have all required pool permits in order. This could take days, weeks, or even months, depending on the type of pool and the building regulations in your area.

Builder and Subcontractor Schedules
First off, you have to get on the pool builder’s schedule, which could be tough depending on the time of year and how busy they are. However, the project is also dependent on the availability of subcontractors, who may be playing catchup on other projects.

Size and Features
The estimates above are for “typical” inground pools. Obviously, if you’re planning something elaborate or out of the ordinary, it could take longer to receive materials and/or complete the work.

The Site
Maybe you don’t have adequate pathways for heavy equipment. Maybe the ground needs to be leveled out and a retaining wall installed. In a multitude of ways, the site you choose for your pool could complicate things for your builder and add time to the project.

Bad weather can sideline pool builders for days. There’s also a cascading effect, where builders and contractors get behind schedule on one project, forcing delays in the next one.

Miscellaneous Contractor Problems
Pool builders are only human – they get sick, have family emergencies, and in some cases, are just plain flaky. In the worst case scenario, the personal or business problems of your builder could lead to a project that’s stalled indefinitely.

No list of this type would be complete without mentioning inspections. Obviously, not passing inspection is the big issue here, as the builder has to backtrack and make adjustments.

Pool Filling
Finally, everything is done and you’re ready to dive into your new pool – but that would be a bad decision because there’s no water in it. Filling up the pool can take a long time, especially if you’re doing it with city water. If you’re willing to spend extra, you can often speed things up by hiring a pool water delivery service.

Patience is a Virtue

A good pool builder can give you the best estimate on how long it will take to install the inground pool you want. They know their own schedule, the pool regulations in your area, and any factors that could complicate installation on your property.

That said, some delays are impossible to anticipate. In such cases, all you can do is remind yourself that your inground pool will be around for decades. In the scheme of things, a delay at the start – provided it’s not too long – isn’t a big deal.

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Is Chlorine in Swimming Pools Safe?

By | Pool Safety

Written by Admin and published on

Anyone who owns or swims in a swimming pool should be aware of the dangers of pool chlorine. Chlorine is utilized to keep swimming pools free from bacteria and other harmful substances so the water is safe for swimming. However, pool chlorine is not without its risks. As with all household chemicals, it is necessary to follow proper procedures when storing and using chlorine to avoid a number of safety problems.

The Truth about Chlorine in Swimming Pools

This summer when you don your bathing suit and walk out onto the pool deck, you may be in for a sensory experience that conjures up happy memories of summers past—warm sunshine, sparkling pool water and the smell of chlorine.  If the chlorine smell is very strong, however, you may soon spot “red-eyed” swimmers emerging from the pool.  That’s when the pool water is assumed to have “too much chlorine” in it.  Ironically, a strong chemical smell around the pool and “swimmer red eye” may be signs that there is not enough chlorine in the water.  Sound confusing?  It’s time to set the record straight about chlorine and swimming pools.

Chlorine helps protect swimmers from waterborne germs

Most swimmers understand that chlorine is added to pools to kill germs that can make swimmers sick.  Chlorine-based pool sanitizers help reduce swimmers’ risk of waterborne illnesses, such as diarrhea, swimmer’s ear, and various skin infections.  The great advantage of chlorine over other sanitizers, such as ozone and UV is that it keeps working long after it is added to pool water; chlorine provides a “residual” level of protection against germs in the water.  Chlorine is not the only “game in town” when it comes to pool sanitizers, but of the common products, only chlorine- and bromine-based disinfectants provide significant residual protection.  Salt-water pools, by the way, are chlorinated pools in which the chlorine is generated on site from sodium chloride.

It’s important to get the pool chemistry right

Pool managers strive to keep the “free chlorine” level of pool water between about one and three parts per million.  Maintaining the chlorine level in that range depends on several factors, including the pH of the water (it should be between 7.2 and 7.8), and the presence of unwanted substances in the pool, such as urine, perspiration, body oils and lotions, which compete with chlorine and react with it.  These substances add to what is known as the “chlorine demand.”

Products of chemical reactions between chlorine and substances added by swimmers are irritants known as chloramines.  It is chloramines, not chlorine, that are responsible for swimmer red eye.  Unshowered and unhygienic swimmers (read:  those who pee in the pool), add to the “chlorine demand” and are often the real cause of swimmer red eye.  Unfortunately, as chlorine reacts with impurities brought into the pool by swimmers, there is less of it available to kill germs.  So, not only do unhygienic swimmers promote irritants forming in swimming pools, they may also inadvertently raise the risk of waterborne illnesses.  More chlorine may be needed to chemically destroy the chloramines formed and restore a free chlorine residual.

Swimmers can help keep swimming healthy

This comes as a surprise to many swimmers.  The fact is that swimmer hygiene affects the chemistry of the pool and the comfort of swimmers.  Last summer we made the point that swimmer “red eye” is an indicator that someone might have peed in the pool.  That raised awareness and quite a few eyebrows.  This year, we join our efforts to those of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and ask swimmers to shower before swimming and never pee in the pool.  When you walk out to the pool this summer, sniff the air and decide whether or not you are about to jump into a healthy pool!

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Benefits Of A Swimming Pool

By | Pool Safety

Written by Catalina Logan and published on

No matter what your fitness level, the general benefits of swimming are yours to go out and grab and make your own. It has the power to give your muscles a makeover, transform you into a cardio king, turn back the clock, and calm you quicker than a secluded beach in the Bahamas. But if this isn’t enough to get you reaching for your cossie, here are our top benefits of swimming to show you there is no such thing as being too cool for the pool.

What Are the Benefits of Swimming Pools?

When considering whether you would like to install a pool or purchase a home with a pool or a membership to a community pool, consider the benefits of swimming pools. Although you might not be an exceptional swimmer, you can still enjoy a swimming pool. Having a backyard pool gives you immediate access to numerous ways of keeping in shape, but visiting a community pool is also suitable.

Low-Impact Exercise

Swimming is one of the best low-impact exercises in which you’re able to get a high-quality cardiovascular workout while minimizing stress on your joints. Cardiovascular exercise gets your heart rate up, and your lungs get a workout. It’s the type of exercise that burns the most calories and should be carried out for at least 30 minutes several times a week for maximum benefits to your heart, lungs and circulation, as recommended by the American Heart Association. Additionally, low-impact exercises are a comfortable way for pregnant and overweight individuals to get a workout.

A Place for Healthy Family Fun and Socializing

A swimming pool is a delightful place to spend time, where people of all ages can enjoy time together playing “Marco Polo” or simply splashing and playing. Your family and friends can be invited over to enjoy a gathering oriented around activity rather than just eating food, like at most barbecues. In this way, swimming can help you achieve your fitness goals without sacrificing your social life.

Convenience, Convenience, Convenience

A swimming pool is a place in which you can get many different kinds of workouts all in one place. As an alternative to joining a gym, using your swimming pool can allow you to work on your glutes by kicking; your endurance by swimming laps without breaking; your arm strength by pulling; or placing a buoy between your legs and only swimming with your arms. The convenience of swimming, of course, is amplified if you have your own pool. Otherwise, traveling to a nearby pool might not be overly convenient, depending on your location.

Special Benefits for Asthmatic Children

Findings released in 2009 from a study in Taiwan found that unlike other forms of cardiovascular exercise, swimming is unlikely to provoke asthma attacks. The study found that the children who participated gained additional benefits that complemented their increased fitness, such as increased confidence and increased lung volume.

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How To Resurface A Swimming Pool

By | Pool Safety

Written by Admin and published on

Ah, pools. Whether humble aboveground 15-footers or elaborately designed in-ground beauties, swimming pools are refreshing oases in backyards everywhere. They can be exercise-inducers, playgrounds, or simply soothing surfaces on which you can float and soak up vitamin D.

Pools are even nice just to look at—except when they’re not. Perhaps more than any other landscaping feature, a neglected pool radiates an air of sadness. If yours has gotten rundown, you probably want to avoid it rather than dive right in.

Fortunately, it’s possible to rejuvenate a pool. A new lining might be the simple solution for an aboveground pool that’s lost its luster. If you want to perk up a tired fiberglass or concrete in-ground pool, consider resurfacing.

Pool Resurfacing Process

What kind of pool surface do I have on my pool?

Oftentimes we get the question, what type of pool surface do I currently have? Sometimes this is not so easy to answer. If you aren’t sure, please feel free to email us some pictures and we can help you decipher.

Pools are typically constructed one of the following 3 ways:

  • in ground concrete pools
  • fiberglass drop in pools
  • vinyl liner pools

We specialize in dealing with in-ground concrete pools. We have referrals for companies that deal with all fiberglass drop in pools and vinyl liners as well. An in ground concrete refers to the way the pool was built. Concrete pools are formed with shotcrete also referred to as gunite. After the shotcrete cures and hardens, a cementitious coating is coated over the pool shell.


Cementitious pool finishes fall into the following categories:

  • White plaster or colored plaster
  • White quartz or colored quartz
  • Exposed pebble aggregate pool finishes (Wet Edge, NPT, Gemstone, Pebble Tec, Diamond Brite)
  • All glass bead pool finishes
  • Polished Pool Finish(Hydrazzo and Wet Edge Primera Stone)


Other pool finishes you might encounter in concrete pools:

  • All tile pools
  • Painted pool over pool plaster
  • Fiberglass gel coating over existing pool plaster
  • Thermal Plastic Coatings


What is Pool Resurfacing?

Pool resurfacing is our specialty at Alan Smith Pools in Orange, CA.

So what exactly is pool resurfacing and what is the pool replastering process like? Well, if your current pool is an in ground concrete pool that is coated with plaster, pebble, fiberglass or even all tile, the new surface cannot just go over the existing surface. The existing surface needs to be prepared for a new coat of plaster or pebble by first either chipping out the existing plaster, sand blasting and bond coating the surface or hydro blasting the existing surface. Per the National Plasterers Council, these are all acceptable methods, but each comes with certain advantages or disadvantages. After the surface has been properly prepared, you are now ready to apply the finish coat of either plaster, quartz, exposed pebble, glass beads, or polished pool finish.


How often should I resurface my pool?

We will answer this with a big “it depends”. Properly cared for and maintained pool water chemistry can prolong the life of your pool finish. Also, homeowners and commercial property owners often keep their pool surfaces well beyond when they should resurface. Signs that it is time to resurface are when your plaster is peeling, flaking, check cracking, becomes rough, discolors, develops structural cracks, rust stains appear, paint peels off or the fiberglass fibers start to wear off.

Assuming your contractor used quality materials, proper installation methods and proper chemical levels were maintained by the pool service technician then you can expect pool surface lifespans like the following.

  • White plaster: 5-15 years
  • White Quartz: 10+ years
  • Exposed pebble: 15 + years
  • Polished pool finishes: 5-15 years

How long does it take to resurface a pool?

Pool resurfacing usually takes about 5-7 days to complete. The pool resurfacing process can be hindered by weather, however, and may take up to 14 days in certain cases.

Types of Pool Finishes


Plaster is a mixture of water, marble sand or limestone, and white cement. It’s applied to your pool using a flat, rounded-edge trowel. However, it’s not always white and can be dyed to fix a different color scheme.

It’s extremely affordable compared to other resurfacing options, plus it’s classic, simple, and elegant. However, it’s rough to the touch. Algae loves plaster, so you’ll need to do weekly maintenance and acid wash every 3-5 years.


Aggregate finishes are made from a mixture of materials, like pebbles, glass beads, quartz, and cement.

Once applied to your pool, contractors will wipe off the top layer of plaster to unveil the pebbles.

There are two types: exposed and polished. Exposed is when the pebbles are entirely revealed, leaving a bumpy finish or texture. On the other hand, polished produces a smooth texture, so the surface is polished flat.


Usually made of porcelain, stone, or glass, tile is also a popular choice. You can even mix the types of tile within your pool.

Either glazed, hand painted, or textured, this surface gives your pool a more upscale look. You’ll generally see tile most often on the waterline of a swimming pool.

If you’re looking for a more natural effect, tile is a great way to incorporate that look.

Best of all, it’s easier to clean than aggregate.

Signs Your Pool Needs Resurfacing

If you’re considering pool resurfacing but aren’t sure if your pool needs it, take a moment to evaluate your pool for common signs.

Your pool may need resurfacing if you notice:

  • Stains that are growing or difficult to remove
  • Rough texture
  • Leaks

If you notice any of these signs, call a pool resurfacing professional to revamp your pool.

The Pool Resurfacing Process: Step by Step

Step 1 – Drain

The first step of the swimming pool resurfacing process is draining the pool. We will send an employee to prepare the site and drain your swimming pool and/or spa.

We will confirm that all lights are working and tag them with a yellow tag that reads “do not turn on while your pool is empty.”

We will then turn off all your equipment, and drop a submersible pump into your swimming pool to begin draining it.

Step 2 – Prep

The second step of the pool resurfacing process involves our expert sandblast, multi-coat, and strip crews for the preparation process. These crews thoroughly prepare your pool surface by removing old damaged surface material and preparing it to receive the new surface material of your choice.

This stage is the loudest and dustiest stage of the project. We will cover and protect your backyard area as much as possible.

Whenever possible, we urge the removal of any patio furniture, pots and plants surrounding the pool area to another location.

Our crews will take special care to ensure that your backyard is restored to the same clean environment as when they began the process.

Step 3 – Tile and Masonry

Now that your swimming pool has been prepped, you are ready for Step 3, where our highly skilled tile and masonry craftsman install your selected pool tile, coping, and other decorative features such as ledger stone. This process can take anywhere from 1 to 3 working days.

All details regarding your swimming pool and outdoor living space should be completed and documented before this step begins. All grout color or tile must be selected, and should you have any special design ideas or requests, these decisions must be finalized at this point.

Step 4 – Plumbing and Seal

The fourth step is to seal the plumbing to ensure that your pool is water tight and ready for your selected pool surface finish. We will also wash your pool shell at this time.

Step 5 – Pool Finish Material Installation

The fifth step involves the installation of the pool surface finish material you selected. Now your remodeled swimming pool really starts to take shape. This can be a 1-2 day process, depending on your material selection.

Step 6 – Acid Wash (optional depending on finish material)

If you have selected a Pebble, Hydrazzo, Beadcrete, or darker Quartz finish, it will be necessary to add the optional sixth step of an Acid Wash, a standard part of the process. Our crews are highly trained and skilled, and are able to perform this step in an efficient and safe manner.

swimming pool surrounded by trees and 2 lounge chairsStep 7 – Cleanup and Pool Fill

Once the specified material has been installed and acid washed (if needed), we will complete our general clean-up, and start to fill your pool. We request all homeowners to keep an eye on the water level as it fills, and turn the water off once the water level hits the middle of your waterline tile.

Step 8 – Initial Water Treatment/Surface Curing

The final step in the pool resurfacing process, referred to as the Initial Water Treatment step, is one of the most important steps to be completed for the extended look and life of your new pool surface material.

Please see the next section of our website labeled “Initial Water Treatment” for more details on this process.

Once your pool is full of water again, several procedures need to be performed to allow the surface to cure as evenly as possible.

This process requires regular monitoring and service during the first seven days of the curing process. Please contact your pool service professional to see if they are available to perform this very important step.

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Create A Swimming Pool Maintenance Checklist

By | Pool Safety Inspections, Pool Safety

Written by Admin and published on

The key to having a clean and safe pool is developing a routine maintenance plan. Routine swimming pool maintenance is the work performed by the aquatics staff as an ongoing responsibility. This starts off with unlocking the pool facility and ends with closing up at the end of the day. These routine tasks make up the majority of the daily work a pool operator will take part in. Let’s go through what routine swimming pool maintenance is all about.

Create A Swimming Pool Maintenance Checklist

When it comes to enjoying your pool, it’s sadly not as simple as diving right in. If your pool isn’t safe and clean, you won’t have any fun in the sun this summer. Pool maintenance is key to keeping your pool looking great and staying functional all season long.

From regular cleaning to pool pH balance, there’s a lot required when it comes to maintaining a swimming pool. However, it’s worth it for the many hours of enjoyment you’ll have this summer. Here are a few to-dos you can add to your swimming pool maintenance checklist!

Maintain A Swimming Pool

You can only enjoy your beloved swimming pool if it’s clean and well maintained. I recommend sticking to a schedule you can follow throughout the summer, to keep your pool in the best shape. Swimming pool maintenance tasks you should plan for regularly are:

  • Skimming & Cleaning
  • Checking Pool Chemicals
  • Installing A Pool Cover
  • Shocking As Needed
  • Adding Security
  • Keeping The Pool Deck Clean

1. Skim & Clean Your Pool

This might seem like a simple task, but skimming and cleaning your swimming pool must be done regularly to keep up with the other maintenance tasks. It’s recommended that pools are skimmed daily, to keep any debris, bugs and dirt from building up in your pool. You’ll also need a pool vacuum to get any debris or build-up on the bottom of the pool every other day. If this task is too taxing on you, try using a robotic pool vacuum to make it a bit easier.

Yes, regular pool maintenance is time consuming. It might be good to connect with a pool contractor so you have someone available on a weekly basis or if you’re leaving for a longer vacation. The average cost to maintain a pool is $246, with most homeowners spending between $65 to $276.

2. Check Your Pool Chemicals

Unfortunately, it’s not quite as simple as putting water in a swimming pool and going for a swim. You must add chemicals to the water, such as chlorine, to make sure the water is clean. Because of mother nature, the chemical makeup of the pool can change throughout the week. The three main chemical levels you’ll want to focus on is pH balance, alkalinity and chlorine. While the recommended levels can be changed based on the size and type of pool, you’ll want to make sure everything checks out OK. If your levels are off, it can cause sickness or skin irritation, as well as pool damage. Invest in a pool water test kit and test your water every two to three days, especially after a big storm or if your pool is to be used more frequently.

3. Install A Swimming Pool Cover

One way to try and keep debris out and a pool warm is by installing a swimming pool cover. This can make your pool chores a bit easier. Solar pool covers not only use sunlight to keep the water at a comfortable temperature, but they can also keep out bugs, leaves and more. It’s a worthwhile investment! The average cost of a solar swimming pool cover is $139 minimum and $1,305 maximum.

4. Shock A Swimming Pool As Needed

While you don’t need to shock your pool as often as other maintenance tasks, it should be done regularly. By adding a high amount of chlorine to a pool, you can kill bacteria that is living in the water. You may notice that your pool is ready for this if you see your water becoming cloudy or algae build up. You should also consider shocking your swimming pool after a party. Be sure to follow the manufacturers instructions carefully, so you don’t harm the pool or swimmers.

5. Add Security Features

Pool safety is one of the most important aspects of maintenance. If you have yet to add lighting features, do so now. A fence is also important, especially if you have children or pets. If you have a fence, make sure to inspect it regularly and make sure the gate has a secure lock, so no one can enter without you knowing.

6. Keep The Pool Deck Clean

Another safety hazard that should be maintained is your pool deck. Toys, inflatable rafts and pool noodles seem to always end up on the deck. Make cleaning up the pool deck a part of your weekly maintenance routine. These could easily become ways people can trip and fall, near or in the pool.

Additionally, you’ll want to sweep your pool deck to keep leaves, rocks and dirt from getting close to your pool. This can cut down on the time you actually spend skimming your pool weekly.

7. Use Your Pool

Last but not least, be sure to use your pool! It’s a lot of work to maintain a safe pool, so be sure to enjoy all your effort by getting out side and making a splash.


Pool maintenance is very important for any homeowner. Creating a schedule can help you stay on track with what needs to be taken care of so everyone can enjoy their time swimming.

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Tips for Maintaining an Above Ground Pool

By | Pool Safety

Written by Jaclyn Crawford and published on

As lovely as in-ground pools sound, they’re not always feasible to install in the backyard, whether it’s because of the cost, the space available, or the type of soil in the back. An above-ground pool, however, could be an option for enjoying the water during warmer months.

Above-ground swimming pools range from economical models to more luxurious (and expensive) styles. Many can be enjoyed throughout the year, and some use saltwater systems, which are popular with in-ground models. Above-ground pools also have options for solar heating systems and energy-efficient covers. Contemporary models may have upgraded features that are usually seen in in-ground models, including advanced filtration systems and pumps to keep them clean. However, even above-ground pools that have built-in systems need a little hands-on work regularly to stay clean and in good working condition.

Above-Ground Pool Care

Above-ground pools come in all shapes and sizes and range from affordable to luxury. Discover everything you need to know about daily, weekly, and monthly above-ground pool maintenance.

Let’s face it, in-ground pools are a major investment and a huge construction project. Above-ground pools can be economical or luxurious depending on the features, and installation is straightforward.

While a pool is a lot of fun, it’s also high-tech equipment with advanced filtration systems and cleaning pumps that need regular hands-on care. From Intex pool filters to what bromine does for a pool, you’ll need some insider tips to make sure you have all the necessary components of an above-ground pool maintenance kit. Read on to find out how to maintain a pool so its waters are always glistening and crystal clear.

How To Maintain A Pool

If you’re ever tempted to procrastinate when it comes to pool care, just imagine what would happen if you let it accumulate. By doing some things daily, weekly, and monthly, you’ll be unlikely to run into trouble with clogged filters or issues with the above-ground pool liner. Of course, you might miss a day occasionally — but stick to this routine as closely as possible for perfect azure waters that you and the family can glide through.


  • Make sure the pool filter runs for at least 12 to 18 hours each day to keep the water moving and avoid stagnation.
  • Chlorine level is a fine balance and needs to be consistent from day one, between two and four ppm. You’ll also need to include a pH increase or decrease as necessary to maintain pH levels in the safe range of 7.4 to 7.6.
  • Check the water level is around the mid skimmer.
  • Inspect pump operation and inspect filter pressure.
  • Empty the pump baskets and skimmer as necessary.
  • If you’re using a pool cleaner robot, check it on a daily basis.


  • When learning how to maintain a pool, your first step is to get an above-ground pool maintenance kit. We’ll share a list of cleaning tools later on in the article.
  • Weekly above-ground pool maintenance includes skimming the surface, vacuuming, and then brushing — this process is integral to prevent film or dust from building up.
  • Test alkalinity, which can be anywhere between 80 and 120 ppm.
  • Give the pool deck a thorough clean.
  • Refill the floater or chlorinator by adding chlorine tablets.
  • Add maintenance doses of metal control, clarifier, and algaecide — this is particularly important for above-ground pools.
  • If the pressure gauge is above 7 to 9 psi, clean the filter.


  • Ensure that the calcium hardness level is between 200 and 400 ppm.
  • Use 2 pounds of pool shock for every 10,000 gallons of water — this might not be necessary for a small above-ground pool.
  • Look behind ladders and steps for hidden algae.
  • Clean inside the skimmer walls and carefully clean the waterline.

What Does Bromine Do For A Pool?

Bromine is a slow-dissolving pool sanitizing solution that is often used for spas because it’s more stable in hot water than chlorine. It doesn’t create an odor or sting the eyes, but it does take longer to disinfect the water. Additionally, bromine is more effective across a broader range of pH levels — but it’s also more expensive. If you have a very small above-ground pool that’s nice and warm, you might consider it as an alternative to affordable chlorine.

Above-Ground Pool Maintenance Kit

When maintaining a pool to an exceptional standard, you’ll need the following equipment:

  1. Above-ground pool liners
  2. Intex pool filter
  3. Skim net
  4. Tele-pole
  5. Vacuum hose
  6. Vacuum head
  7. Pool brush
  8. Chlorine or bromine tablets
  9. Mild vinyl cleaner
  10. Soft sponge
  11. Deck brush
  12. Pool shock
  13. Complete pool chemical test kit

Tips For Above-Ground Pool Maintenance Beginners

Provided you follow the schedule and take diligent care of the finer details, your pool will always look like a wonderful oasis in your backyard. Here are some extra tips to help you get the most out of your new pool:

  • Water circulation is a big focus for above-ground pools. There are usually dead spots in the pool where the water isn’t quite within reach of the pump. Regularly move the water with a pool brush and clean under the skimmer, around any ladders, and under steps to keep the entire pool perfectly fresh.
  • If you don’t plan on using the pool all year round, you’ll need to winterize it when the time comes. This involves cleaning, adding winter chemicals, disconnecting the motor and pump, lowering the water level without draining it all, adding pool antifreeze to the plumbing, and adding winter plugs to prevent water from getting in the pipes.

Start Installing A New Pool Today

An above-ground pool is an affordable yet luxurious way to add a new dimension of joy to family life. If you’re ready to start installing yours, check out our pool cost estimator.

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Swimming Pool Etiquette

By | Pool Safety

Written by Lisa Hallett Taylor and published on

Swimming pool etiquette (also known as lap swimming etiquette) is a set of informal rules of conduct that ensure a smooth swimming experience when several swimmers share a lane. As a new (lap) swimmer you are often unaware of the existence of a swimming pool etiquette. Nevertheless, over time you’ll notice that the more experienced swimmers follow specific informal rules when they share a lane. So if you want to appear as a well-mannered swimmer and get along with other swimmers, it is important to get educated about lap swimming etiquette too..

10 Rules for Swimming Pool Etiquette

You sent the kids to cotillion, and you were a teen graduate of Sears Discovery Charm School, so you’re pretty certain your knowledge of all things etiquette ranks up there with the likes of Dear Abby, Miss Manners, and Queen Elizabeth.

But what about good, proper behavior while swimming and visiting a public or private pool? Is your new Trina Turk swimsuit appropriate? It’s OK to swim with a rash, right? Fret not—we address your concerns and more in our guide to swimming and pool etiquette.

  • 01 of 10

    Appropriate Swimwear

    girls in their swimming pool attire

    First off: wear something, preferably an actual swimsuit that fits, covering and restraining those wobbly bits. Jeans shorts can weigh you down and act like a sponge when wet. Have you ever seen someone emerge from a pool in a pair of cutoffs? Those things harbor enough water to fill up a kiddie pool.

    Of course, you don’t have to wear a bathing suit circa 1932, like the one that actress Colleen Moore wore as she lounged on that diving board. If you’re the guest at a pool party and your host is older or conservative, leave that barely-there bikini at home. This may not be the right crowd to tantalize with your awesomeness.

  • 02 of 10

    No Splashing

    girls lounging by the pool

    Pools and water can be pretty exciting at any age. For some, the urge to splash is an instinct, like scratching an itch. It can be a way to express joy. It can also be a way to annoy someone or get his or her attention. So, teach your kids not to splash in public pools or if they are guests in someone else’s pool.

    If it’s your pool and you live in a region affected by drought, splashing is a quick way to lose water. Confine any splashing to the center of the pool, so that it stays in the pool. Or, just don’t splash.

  • 03 of 10

    Think and Look Before Entering

    a boy jumping into a pool

    When entering a public pool or as the guest at a private pool, don’t dive, jump, or push off into oncoming swimmers. Come to think of it, don’t do that at home, either.

  • 04 of 10

    Stay in Your Lane

    a professional swimmer in competition

    This applies to public pools, at which the lanes are often clearly marked slow, medium and fast or something similar. If you share a private lap pool, be considerate. Stay in your lane, or create one.

  • 05 of 10

    Passing Politeness

    swimmers passing one another during a race

    Pass other swimmers on the left (or on the right in the United Kingdom and Down Under). For serious swimmers, the rule is: tap the foot of the person in front of you before passing. That’s tap, not shove.

  • 06 of 10

    Use the Restroom

    a bathroom adjacent to the patio

    Polls come out every other year or so asking things like how many people confess to peeing in the pool—results are surprising when they reveal just how many of us (well, you) pee in the pool. The myth of the pool turning green in certain spots when treated with a special urine-revealing chemical is just that—an urban myth. Still, someone must have potty-trained you to use a toilet, hopefully before age 3, so use it when you go swimming.

  • 07 of 10

    Keep Toenails Trimmed

    pedicured feet by the pool

    At the very least, trim your toenails regularly. Why? Picture this: you’re mastering your speed in the pool, and that Michael Phelps-like kick of yours is so powerful that your foot—and toe, with a protruding nail—slices the swimmer who unfortunately invaded your space. Ouch, along with disgusting! Use the toenail clippers that Santa leaves in your stocking each year—it might be a hint.

  • 08 of 10

    Diaper Do’s and Don’ts

    a toddler in a swimming pool

    Toddlers in swim diapers can be a dirty subject. I’ve been in a few public pools and at a water theme park when the rumors spread quickly and the words poop, diaper, ewww, and a couple of other expletives can be heard before an unseen voice commands everyone to “Please exit the pool now!”

    You see, if you don’t take responsibility for your own child’s swim diapers, it can become a disaster of epic proportions. Kind of embarrassing, and also kind of germy. You’re not in a big ocean, where nobody will be the wiser if your child has a little diaper disaster. Be intuitive, change the diaper frequently and teach your child to communicate with you about hygiene.

  • 09 of 10

    Wounds, Rashes and Bandages

    a bandage on the heel of the foot

    Has the doctor been unable to chase down that pesky rash on your left shin? Is that cut between your thumb and index finger taking a long time to heal? Is your fashionista five-year-old sporting multiple Disney Princess Band-Aids due to her many skatepark scrapes?

    Walk in another person’s flipflops for a minute. How would you feel if a rashy, fleshy-wounded, bandage-wearing person entered the pool and swam beside you? Pool chemicals can’t kill everything. Be smart and considerate.

  • 10 of 10


    an outdoor shower

    If your host requests it, step under the shower and rinse off before entering the pool. When swimmers use soap to shower away impurities, they help reduce the risk of waterborne illnesses, such as diarrhea, swimmer’s ear, and skin infections, according to the Water Quality and Health Council.

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